Significant Events

1118-9 Official beginnings and emergence of the Order of the Temple; nine knights, led by Hugh de Payns, the first Templar Grand Master, present themselves to King Baldwin II in Jerusalem
1119-28 First nine knights remain in the Holy Land
1128 By this time, the early Templars return from the Holy Land; beginning of the Order's unprecedented rise and influence
1129 Jan Council of Troyes; Rule of the Templar Order established
1130 Bernard of Clairvaux completes In Praise of the New Knighthood
1139 Templar Castles in the Holy Land completed Baghras, Darbask, Destroit, La Roche, de Roussel, Port Bonnet
1149-50 Gaza granted to the Templars
1153 Death of Bernard of Clairvaux
mid-1160s Hierarchical statutes added to the Templar Rule
late-1160s Statutes on daily monastic life, chapter meetings, and penances added to Rule
1191 Templar headquarters in the Latin East moved to Acre
1191-2 Templars occupy Cyprus
1217-21 Building of Atlit (Pilgrims' Castle), a major Templar fortress in the Holy Land
1257-67 Additional penances added to the Templar Rule
1291 Aug Acre falls to the Mamluks; Templars evacuate Atlit and Tortesa
1307 Oct 13 Dawn raid and arrests of the Templars in France
1307 Oct 27 Pope orders all Christian kings to arrest the Templars
1308 Templars questioned and imprisoned in various areas
1309 Aug Papal commission begins in France
1310 Templar trial procedures begin
1311 Council of Vienne; Templar Order formally dissolved by Pope's first bull, Vox in excelso, but charges against the order are "not proven"
1312 Pope's second bull, Ad providam,transfers Templar property to the Hospitaller Order
1314 Mar Last Templar Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, and Preceptor of Normandy, Geoffroi de Charney, burned at the stake

Templarism & History Menu

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